Welcome to Republic of Tatarstan and to Kazan
Tatarstan is situated in the Eastern part of the East European Plain at the confluence of two biggest rivers – the Volga and the Kama. The capital of the Republic is city of Kazan. The total area of the Republic is 6783,7 thousand hectares. Tatarstan’s population makes about 3,786,400 people. The two official languages of the Republic are Tatar and Russian.
Tatarstan is one of Russian most ethnically diverse areas with various historical and cultural traditions. The traditional religions of the Republic of Tatarstan are Islam and Orthodox Christianity. Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and other confessions are also presented in Tatarstan. Keeping the balance of interests between the two major religions and tolerance to all presented confessional groups lies at the heart of interfaith consent in the Republic. The combination of at least three types of cultural interaction (Russian-Slavic, Turkic and Finno-Ugric) defines the uniqueness of this area, the originality of cultural and historical values.
Tatarstan is one of the most economically developed regions in Russia with six economical zones in different sectors; one of them is Special economic zone “Alabuga”. The Republic of Tatarstan has rich natural resources, powerful and diversified industry, high intellectual potential and skilled labor staff. The Republic is among the top three regions of Russia in production of agricultural products. Our region is actively developing a network of industrial parks: JSC "Innovative Technopark “Idea”, industrial site KIP “Master”, IT-park, Technopolis "Himgrad".
The Republic is located in the center of large industrial region of the Russian Federation at the crossing of important highways connecting East and West, North and South of the country. The industrial sector of the Republic is presented by the oil and gas and chemical complex, major engineering enterprises manufacturing competitive products (heavy trucks, helicopters, aircrafts, aircraft engines, compressors, oil-gas-pumping equipment, river and sea vessels, commercial and motor cars), development of electric and radio instrument engineering.
Tatarstan is also one of Russian scientific centers. The capital of the republic Kazan has the Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan, the Kazan Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Tatarstan is involved in intensive fundamental and applied research activities in advanced scientific fields.
The Republic of Tatarstan is one of the leading sports regions in Russia. Victories of such famous region sport teams as “Ak Bars”, “Rubin”, “UNICS”, “Zenit-Kazan”, “Sintez”, “KAMAZ-Master”, “Dinamo-Kazan” make an invaluable contribution to the sporting glory of Tatarstan all over the world and give reason to consider our city as “capital of champions”.
Brief history of the Republic: The earliest known organized state within the boundaries of Tatarstan was Volga Bulgaria (700–1238 AD) that was the first state formed in the region. In 922 Islam became an official religion. The Volga Bulgaria was an advanced merchant state with trade contacts throughout Inner Eurasia, the Middle East and the Baltic. In 1236 Bulgaria was merged into the Empire of Genghis Khan, after that it became a part of the Golden Horde and as a result of its dissolution a new state, the Kazan Khanate, emerged in 1438 and was incorporated to Russia in 1552 after being conquered by Ivan the Terrible. In 1920 the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was declared. On August 30, 1990 the State Sovereignty of the Republic was declared but always being one of the subjects of Russia. In 2014 the ruined in past and renovated former capital of the Volga Bulgaria the city of Bulgar is enrolled into the UNESCO World Heritage list as a historical and archeological complex. Nowadays the former citadel of the Russian tsar Ivan the Terrible the Island Sviyazhsk is a candidate fro inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List in the future.
Living in Kazan you can open your door to numerous social, cultural and tourist activities. Kazan is the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan and one of the largest economic, scientific and cultural centers in Russia. With a population of about 1.2 million, it is the eighth most populous city in Russia. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in European Russia. Kazan is located 800 km far from Moscow. Our city celebrated its millennium in 2005. In April 2009 Kazan was granted the right to brand itself as the "Third Capital" of Russia. The city has a citadel which was declared a World Heritage Site in 2000. ‘The Kazan Kremlin’, a unique complex the 16th and 17th centuries of archeological, historical and architectural monuments enrolled into the UNESCO World Heritage list, is the main tourist attraction of Kazan. It is open for visits and tours on a daily basis. Tourists visiting the architectural conservation area will see the ‘falling’ Syuyumbike Tower, the Saviour Tower, the Annunciation Cathedral and the Kul-Sharif, one of the largest mosques in the world.
Kazan easily combines the culture and traditions of the East and the West: next to the finely cut minaret towers there are old Orthodox churches. A prevailing feature of life in the city is peaceful, creative coexistence of more than 100 different religions and nationalities. Tatars are the second-largest ethnic group in Kazan and the largest ethnic group in the Republic of Tatarstan. The multi-ethnic city is honored by UNESCO and famous for Muslims and Christians living side-by-side in peace.
Kazan is one of the largest industrial and financial centers of Russia, and a leading city of the Volga economic region in construction and accumulated investment. An innovative economy is represented by the largest IT-park in Russia which is one of the largest of its kind among Eastern Europe science parks. Currently there are more than a hundred enterprises with foreign investments registered in the city. Major international conferences, including the annual assembly of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Congress of World Heritage Cities organizations are arranged in Kazan on a continuous basis.
Kazan has traditionally been one of top science cities in Russia. There are about 40 universities operating in the city. There are also reasons to call the thousand-year-old Kazan a ‘young’ city, as it is the largest student city of Russia. There are nearly 200,000 students from 67 countries studying in Kazan. Such famous scientists as N.Lobachevsky, A.Arbuzov, E.Zavoisky, A.Butlerov, V.Bekhterev lived and worked in Kazan.
There are lots of museums, libraries, art galleries, concert halls, theaters in our city. Two renowned international festivals: the opera festival named after Fyodor Shalyapin and the classical ballet festival named after Rudolph Nuriev have been regularly held for many years in the Opera and Ballet Theater named after M. Jalil. The Sergey Rakhmaninov White Lilac International Festival, the Kazan Autumn International Open Air Opera Festival, the Concordia Modern Music Festival, the Aksenov Literature Festival and the Golden Minbar International Festival of Muslim Cinema have already become annual staples for Kazan’s cultural life. Apart from the local museum there is "Ermitazh-Kazan" Center located in Kazan, which is the only branch of the famous museum in Russia. In our city such famous personalities as V.Lenin, L.Tolstoy, V.Aksenov lived.
Kazan is also a driving force for Russian sports development and is a home for many International athletes and sports clubs competing around the world. In 2009 it was chosen as the "Sports capital of Russia" and it still is referred to as such. The city hosted the 2013 Summer Universiade, 2014 World Fencing Championships and will host the 2015 World Aquatics Championships, and 2018 FIFA World Cup.
Kazan is a major transportation center. There are railway and bus stations, a river port and an international airport. Kazan International Airport is located 26 kilometers (16 mi) from the city center. At the airport you can take Aeroexpress train to reach (that takes you 20 minutes) the main railway station located in the city centre. The second station terminal is situated in the northern part of the city. A single-line Kazan Metro opened in 2005. The Kazan Metro has seven stations but there are plans to extend the line in both directions. The developed city transport facilities make pleasant and easy your visits in and around the city. Excellent road, rail and air services provide fast and efficient travel throughout the Russian Federation. For example, to reach Moscow it takes you 10 hours by train, by car or by bus and only 1,30 hour by air.
Kazan has an active international activity. In the city there are some foreign diplomatic, trade and cultural representations, the city is involved in the sister city partnership-movements, is a member of organizations worldwide cities. Even if Kazan is the "Third Capital" of Russia, the average cost of living in Kazan is lower than in Moscow or St.Petersburg.